Kinetics of chloroquine

Discussion in 'Canadian Drugs' started by Qwert, 11-Mar-2020.

  1. web_master New Member

    Kinetics of chloroquine


    -Suppressive therapy should continue for 8 weeks after leaving the endemic area. Approved indication: For the suppressive treatment of malaria due to Plasmodium vivax, P malariae, P ovale, and susceptible strains of P falciparum CDC Recommendations: 300 mg base (500 mg salt) orally once a week Comments: -For prophylaxis only in areas with chloroquine-sensitive malaria -Prophylaxis should start 1 to 2 weeks before travel to malarious areas; should continue weekly (same day each week) while in malarious areas and for 4 weeks after leaving such areas.

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    Jul 30, 2019 · Before the administration of chloroquine, the patient had only a mild skin erythema in the irradiated area, which was consistent with the radiotherapy dose she had received. On day 3 of chloroquine therapy, she developed localized brisk bullous eruptions in the irradiated area, which developed into a patch of fulminant moist desquamation. Pharmacokinetics of hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine during treatment of rheumatic diseases. Furst DE1. Author information 1Arthritis Clinic Research Unit, Virginia, Mason Arthritis Clinic Research, Seattle, WA 98101, USA. Hydroxychloroquine HCQ and chloroquine CQ are well absorbed 0.7-0.8 bioavailability when given orally. The kinetics and disposition of chloroquine CQ and its metabolite monodesethylchloroquine CQM were investigated in 5 healthy volunteers after incremental 150–300–600 mg CQ base single oral doses of CQ. The analytical method used HPLC and fluorescence detection is the most sensitive known method for CQ and CQM.

    Approved indication: For acute attacks of malaria due to P vivax, P malariae, P ovale, and susceptible strains of P falciparum CDC Recommendations: Chloroquine-sensitive uncomplicated malaria (Plasmodium species or species not identified): 600 mg base (1 g salt) orally at once, followed by 300 mg base (500 mg salt) orally at 6, 24, and 48 hours Total dose: 1.5 g base (2.5 g salt) Comments: -For the treatment of uncomplicated malaria due to chloroquine-sensitive P vivax or P ovale, concomitant treatment with primaquine phosphate is recommended. 60 kg or more: 1 g chloroquine phosphate (600 mg base) orally as an initial dose, followed by 500 mg chloroquine phosphate (300 mg base) orally after 6 to 8 hours, then 500 mg chloroquine phosphate (300 mg base) orally once a day on the next 2 consecutive days Total dose: 2.5 g chloroquine phosphate (1.5 g base) in 3 days Less than 60 kg: First dose: 16.7 mg chloroquine phosphate/kg (10 mg base/kg) orally Second dose (6 hours after first dose): 8.3 mg chloroquine phosphate/kg (5 mg base/kg) orally Third dose (24 hours after first dose): 8.3 mg chloroquine phosphate/kg (5 mg base/kg) orally Fourth dose (36 hours after first dose): 8.3 mg chloroquine phosphate/kg (5 mg base/kg) orally Total dose: 41.7 mg chloroquine phosphate/kg (25 mg base/kg) in 3 days Comments: -Concomitant therapy with an 8-aminoquinoline compound is necessary for radical cure of malaria due to P vivax and P malariae.

    Kinetics of chloroquine

    Pharmacokinetics of Chloroquine and., Pharmacokinetics of hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine.

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  5. The distribution of chloroquine was studied in the tissues and blood of rat. 2. 2. The time to peak concentration and the maximum concentration varied in various tissues and were higher than for plasma and red blood cells.

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    Hydroxychloroquine HCQ and chloroquine CQ are well absorbed 0.7-0.8 bioavailability when given orally. Severe malnutrition such as kwashiorkor effects absorption but diahrrea does not. Both. Chloroquine is a 4-aminoquinoline with antimalarial, anti-inflammatory, and potential chemosensitization and radiosensitization activities. Although the mechanism is not well understood, chloroquine is shown to inhibit the parasitic enzyme heme polymerase that converts the toxic heme into non-toxic hemazoin, thereby resulting in the accumulation of toxic heme within the parasite. The real-time experimental data obtained by capacitive sensing also revealed two distinctive kinetics stages during binding of dsDNA with chloroquine, while only one stage exists during reaction of single-strand DNA ssDNA with chloroquine. The kinetic parameters were obtained by fitting the real-time experimental data using a two stage.

     
  6. ProgMaster New Member

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  8. olga_graz Well-Known Member

    Hydroxychloroquine-Induced Retinal Toxicity - American. In early toxicity there are no visible signs, but field, OCT and mfERG changes can be detected. If abnormalities are present only unilaterally, investigate other causes besides hydroxychloroquine toxicity see “Differential Diagnosis of Bull’s-Eye Maculopathy”.

    Optical coherence tomography based microangiography.